The new Christian comparable keyword was crusade, “a strategy otherwise conflict sanctioned by the Church up against unbelievers otherwise heretics
ecumenical: worldwide. While the placed on religion, the fresh word’s newest use to suggest venture certainly religious organizations began which have a 20th millennium way promoting the idea of a keen inter-confessional Religious unity.
Gnosticism: the belief that salvation is usually to be gotten as secret knowledge which the information presented business was worst. Gnostic mystery religions abounded on the Roman Kingdom. The first Religious chapel try fragmented with the certain sects, some of which instructed an excellent Gnostic variety of the fresh faith.
Immaculate Conception: this new Roman Catholic doctrine your Virgin Mary is designed rather than Modern Sin (the new sin of Adam and eve expressed to humans)
gospel: the story of Christ’s lives and instruction while the advised on the very first four books of the Christian New-testament. The new literal meaning of the term was “great.”
heresy: a religious advice, otherwise adherence so you’re able to such as for example a viewpoint, that’s in contrast to an established religious exercises. The phrase is inspired by Greek hairesis, “action of getting, choice, sect.” Originally a beneficial heresy is simply a big change from viewpoint. It turned a spiritual offense, commonly penalized because of the death.
Hinduism: a body away from public, cultural, and you may religious beliefs and you can methods found mainly from inside the India. It offers a belief during the reincarnation and you can transmigration from souls.
indulgence: from inside the Roman Catholicism, good remission regarding punishment, especially discipline for the Purgatory (for the Catholic faith, Purgatory try an intermediate host to filtering to possess souls one departed tarnished which have small sins perhaps not deserving of eternal abuse from inside the Heck).
It is not the same thing given that Virgin Birth, “the fact Goodness are divinely begotten and you can miraculously born out of a beneficial virgin mom.”
jihad: a holy war for Islam. ” Literal crusades were prominent in the middle Many years and were brought up against Christian heretics including low-Christians. Now the expression is used figuratively so you can suggest “people remedial pastime pursued with passion and you may warmth.” A comparable definition is now linked to jihad.
lay: perhaps not during the holy requests. Within the a great monastery discover monks who pray and you will would rational functions, and people who carry out manual labor and attend to secular affairs. The second are called lay brothers. The expression enjoys spread to low-spiritual specialities. An individual who does not have elite knowledge of a particular field is named an effective layman. From inside the a chapel setting you can speak of new clergy and the laity (non-clerical members of the newest church).
orthodox: for the contract towards certified philosophy out-of confirmed faith. The word are regarding Greek orthodoxein, “to get the right viewpoint.” The new noun are orthodoxy. Departure from orthodoxy is called heterodoxy.
pagan – This might be an expression tough to describe for the even particularly an excellent shallow medication because this. For the early Christians, a good pagan was a great believer from inside the polytheistic faith. The expression originally meant “country dweller.” The rural population is slow to consider Christianity as compared to city dwellers, probably because their faith is actually closely destined to farming time periods. These day there are spiritual groups one to choose by themselves as the Pagans. Modern paganism are world-centered and include polytheistic values. The phrase heathen is utilized pejoratively so you’re able to mean one without faith. Such as for example pagan, heathen together with factors to the truth that non-urban area dwellers tended to reject religious changes. Heath arises from a term definition “field.” Heathen is originally a keen adjective meaning “of your own heath.”
profane: perhaps not holy. Some thing not related to religion and you can spirituality are profane. The term may also be used because the an effective verb meaning “to alleviate one thing sacred that have irreverence.”